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> Forsiden > Vand og jord > Vandets kredsløb > Internationale publikationer

Peer-reviewed journal papers

Hansen AL, Gundermand D, He X, Refsgaard JC (2014) Uncertainty assessment of spatially distributed nitrate reduction potential in groundwater using multiple geological realizations. Journal of Hydrology 519, 225-237.

Hansen AL, Christensen BSB, Ernstsen V, He X, Refsgaard JC (2014) A concept for estimating depth of the redox interface for catchment-scale nitrate modelling in a till area in Denmark. Hydrogeology Journal 22(7), 1639-1655.

He X, Sonnenborg TO, Jørgensen F, Jensen KH (2014) The effect of training image and secondary data integration with multi-point geostatistics in groundwater modeling. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18, 2943-2954.

He X, Koch J, Sonnenborg TO, Jørgensen F, Schamper C, Refsgaard JC (2014) Transition probability- based stochastic geological modeling using airborne geophysical data and borehole data. Water Resources Research 50(4), 3147-3169.

Hoang L, van Griensven A, van der Keur P, Refsgaard JC, Troldborg L, Nilsson B, Mynett A (2014) Comparison and Evaluation of Model Structures for the Simulation of Pollution Fluxes in a Tile-Drained River Basin. Journal of Environmental Quality 43(1), 86-99.

Koch J, He X, Jensen KH, Refsgaard JC (2014) Challenges to conditioning a stochastical geological model of a heterogeneous glacial aquifer to a comprehensive soft dataset. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18, 2907-2923.

Ridler ME, Madsen H, Stisen S, Bircher S, Fensholt R (2014) Assimilation of SMOS-derived soil moisture in a fully integrated hydrological and soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer model in Western Denmark. Water Resources Research 50(11), 8962-8981.

Refsgaard JC, Auken E, Bamberg CA, Christensen BSB, Clausen T, Dalgaard E, Effersø F, Ernstsen V, Gertz F, Hansen AL, He X, Jacobsen B, Jensen KH, Jørgensen F, Jørgensen LF, Koch J, Nilsson B, Petersen C, De Schepper G, Schamper C, Sørensen K, Therrien R, Thirup C, Viezzoli A (2014) Nitrate reduction in geologically heterogeneous catchments – a framework for assessing the scale of predictive capability of hydrological models. Science for the Total Environment, 468-469, 1278-1288.

Hansen AL, Refsgaard JC, Christensen BSB, Jensen KH (2013) Importance of including small-scale tile drain discharge in the calibration of a coupled groundwater-surface water catchment model. Water Resources Research 49, 585-603.

He X, Jensen KH, Sonnenborg TO, Jørgensen F, Høyer A-S, Møller RR (2013) Analyzing the effects of geological and parameter uncertainty on groundwater head and travel time. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17, 3245-3260.

Højberg AL, Troldborg L, Stisen S, Christensen BSB, Henriksen HJ (2013): Stakeholder driven update and improvement of a national water resources model. Environmental Modelling & Software 40, 202-213.

Karan S, Engesgaard P, Looms MC, Laier T, Kazmierczak J (2013) Groundwater flow and mixing in a wetland-stream system: Field study and numerical modeling. Journal of Hydrology 488, 73-83.

Kidmose J, Refsgaard JC, Troldborg L, Seaby LP, Escrivà MM (2013) Climate change impacts on groundwater levels: ensemble modelling of extreme values. Hydrologyand Earth System Sciences 17, 1619-1634.

Larsen MAD, Thejll P, Christensen JH, Refsgaard JC, Jensen KH (2013) On the role of domain size and resolution in the simulations with the HIRHAM region climate model. Climate Dynamics 40, 2903-2918.

Olsen M, Troldborg L, Henriksen HJ, Conallin J, Refsgaard JC, Bøgh E (2013) Evaluation of a typical hydrological model in relation to environmental flows. Journal of Hydrology 507, 52-62.

Qin H, Cao G, Kristensen M, Refsgaard JC, Rasmussen MO, He X, Liu J, Shu Y, Zheng C (2013) Integrated hydrological modeling of the North China Plain and implications for sustainable water management. Hydrology and Earth System Science 17, 3759-3778.

Rasmussen P, Sonnenborg TO, Goncear G, Hinsby K (2013) Assessing impacts of climate change, sea level rise, and drainage canals on saltwater intrusion to coastal aquifer, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17, 421-443.

Refsgaard JC, Arnbjerg-Nielsen K, Drews M, Halsnæs K, Jeppesen E, Madsen H, Markandya A, Olesen JE, Porter JR, Christensen JH (2013) The role of uncertainty in climate change adaptation strategies – A Danish water management example. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 18(3), 337-359.

Seaby LP, Refsgaard JC, Sonnenborg TO, Stisen S, Christensen JH, Jensen KH (2013) Assessment of robustness and significance of climate change signals for an ensemble of distribution-based scaled climate projections. Journal of Hydrology 486, 479-493.

Sebok E, Duque C, Kazmierczak J, Engesgaard P, Nilsson B, Karan S, Frandsen M (2013) High-resolution distributed temperature sensing to detect seasonal groundwater discharge into Lake Væng, Denmark. Water Resources Research 49(9), 5355-5368.


Frandsen M, Nilsson B, Engesgaard P, Pedersen O (2012) Groundwater seepage stimulates the growth of aquatic macrophytes. Freshwater Biology(57), 907-921.

Jørgensen F, Scheer W, Thomsen S, Sonnenborg TO, Hinsby K, Burschil T, Wiederhold H, Kirsch R, Roth B, Auken E (2012) Geophysical mapping of geological structures critical for the assessment of future sea water intrusion in response to sea level rise, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16, 1845–1862.

Højberg AL, Troldborg L, Stisen S, Christensen BSB, Henriksen HJ (2012) Stakeholder driven update and improvement of a national water resources model. Environmental Modelling Software 40, 202-213.

Hinsby K, Markager SS, Kronvang B, Windolf J, Sonnenborg TO, Thorling L (2012) Threshold values and management options for nutrients in a temperate estuary with poor ecological status. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16, 2663-2683.

Hoang L, van Griensven L, van der Keur P, Refsgaard JC, Troldborg L, Nilsson B, Mynett A (2012) Comparison and Evaluation of Model Structures for the Simulation of Pollution Fluxes in a Tile-Drained River Basin. Journal of Environmental Quality. doi:10.2134/jeq2011.0398

Jørgensen LF, Kjær J, Rosenbom AE, Olesen P (2012) Leaching of azoxystrobin and its degradation product R234886 from Danish agricultural field sites. Chemosphere 88, 554-562.

Kessler T, Klint KES, Nilsson B, Bjerg PL (2012) Characterization of sand lenses embedded in tills. Quaternary Science Reviews 53, 55-71.

Ommen DAO, Kidmose J, Karan S, Flindt M, Engesgaard P, Nilsson B, Andersen FØ (2012) Groundwater interactions with oligotrophic Lake Hampen, Denmark. Ecohydrology 5(3), 286-296.

Rasmussen J, Sonnenborg TO, Stisen S, Christensen BSB, Seaby L, Hinsby K (2012) Climate change effects on irrigation demands and minimum stream discharge: impact of bias-correction method. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16, 4675–4691.

Rasmussen SH, Butts MB, Lerer SM, Refsgaard JC (2012) Parameterisation and scaling of the land surface model for use in a coupled climate-hydrological model. Journal of Hydrology 426-427, 63-78

Rasmussen SH, Christensen JH, Drews M, Gochis DJ, Refsgaard JC (2012) Spatial scale characteristics of precipitation simulated by regional climate models and the implications for hydrological modelling. Journal of Hydrometeorology 13(6), 1817-1835.

Refsgaard JC, Christensen S, Sonnenborg TO, Seifert D, Højberg AL, Troldborg L (2012) Review of strategies for handling geological uncertainty in groundwater flow and transport modelling. Advances in Water Resources 36, 36-50.

Seifert D, Sonnenborg TO, Refsgaard JC, Højberg AL, Troldborg L (2012) Assessment of hydrological model predictive ability given multiple conceptual geological models, Water Resources Research 48, WR011149.

Shu Y, Villholth KG, Jensen KH, Stisen S, Lei Y (2012) Integrated hydrological modeling of the North China Plain: Options for sustainable groundwater use in the alluvial plain of Mt. Taihang. Journal of Hydrology 464‐465, 79‐93.

Sonnenborg TO, Hinsby K, van Roosmalen L, Stisen, S (2012) Assessment of climate change impacts on the quantity and quality of a coastal catchment using a coupled groundwater-surface water model. Climatic Change 113, 1025-1048.

Stisen S, Højberg AL, Troldborg L, Refsgaard JC, Christensen BSB, Olsen M, Henriksen HJ (2012) On the importance of appropriate precipitation gauge catch correction for hydrological modelling at mid to high latitudes. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16, 4157‐4176.

Tsakiroglou CD, Klint KES, Nilsson B, Theodoropoulou MA, Aggelopoulos CA (2012) From aperture characterization to hydraulic properties of fractures. Geoderma 181, 65-77.

Tran LT, Larsen F, Pham Q N, Christiansen AV, Van HV, Tran LV, Hoang HV, Hinsby K, (2012) Origin and Extent of Fresh Groundwater, Salty Paleowaters and recent Saltwater Intrusion in Red River Flood Plain Aquifers, Vietnam. Hydrogeology Journal 20, 1295-1313.

Vangkilde-Pedersen T, Ditlefsen C, Højberg AL (2012) Shallow geothermal energy in Denmark. Review of Survey Activities 2011: Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin 26, 37-40.

Fu S, Sonnenborg TO, Jensen KH, He X (2011) Impact of precipitation spatial resolution on the hydrological response of an integrated distributed water resources model. Vadose Zone Journal 10, 25-36.

Gravesen P, Binderup M, Nilsson B, Pedersen SAS (2011) Geological characterization of potential disposal areas for radioactive waste from Risø, Denmark. Review of Survey Activities 2010: Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin 23, 21-24.

He X, Refsgaard JC, Sonnenborg TO, Vejen F, Jensen KH (2011) Statistical analysis of the impact of radar rainfall uncertainties on water resources modelling. Water Resources Research 47, WR09526.

He X, Vejen F, Stisen S, Sonnenborg TO, Jensen KH (2011) An Operational Weather Radar–Based Quantitative Precipitation Estimation and its Application in Catchment Water Resources Modeling. Vadose Zone Journal 10, 8‐24.

Kidmose J, Engesgaard PK, Nilsson B, Laier T, Looms MC (2011) Spatial distribution of seepage at a flow through lake: Lake Hampen, Western Denmark. Vadose Zone Journal, HOBE Special Issue 10, 110-124.

Kirkegaard C, Sonnenborg TO, Auken E, Jørgensen F (2011) Salinity distribution in heterogeneous coastal aquifers mapped by airborne electromagnetics. Vadose Zone Journal 10, 125-135.

Nilsson B, Tzovolou D, Jeczalik M, Kasela T, Slack W, Klint KE, Haeseler F, Tsakiroglou CD (2011). Combining steam injection with hydraulic fracturing for the in situ remediation of the unsaturated zone of a fractured soil polluted by jet fuel. Journal of Environmental Management 92, 695-707.

Schovsbo NH, Nielsen AT, Klitten K, Mathiesen M, Rasmussen P (2011) Shale gas investigations in Denmark: Lower Palaeozoic shales on Bornholm. Review of Survey Activities 2010: Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin 23, 9-12.

Shu Y, Stisen S, Jensen KH, Sandholt I (2011) Estimation of regional evapotranspiration over the North China Plain using geostationary satellite data. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 3, 192‐206.

Stisen S, McCabe MF, Refsgaard JC, Lerer S, Butts MB (2011) Model parameter analysis using remotely sensed pattern information in a multi‐constraint framework. Journal of Hydrology 409, 337‐349.

Stisen S, Sonnenborg TO, Højberg AL, Troldborg L, Refsgaard JC (2011) Evaluation of climate input biases and water balance issues using a coupled surface‐subsurface model. Vadose Zone Journal 10, 37‐53.

Gondwe BRN, Lerer S, Stisen S, Marín L, Rebolledo‐Vieyra M, Merediz‐Alonso G, Bauer‐Gottwein P (2010) Hydrogeology of the south‐eastern Yucatan Peninsula: New insights from water level measurements, geochemistry, geophysics and remote sensing. Journal of Hydrology 389(1‐2), 1‐17

van der Keur P, Brugnach M, DeWulf A, Refsgaard JC, Zorilla P, Poolman M, Isendahl N, Raadgever GT, Henriksen HJ, Warmink JJ, Lamers M, Mysiak J (2010) Identifying uncertainty guidelines for supporting policy making in water management illustrated for Upper Guadiana and Rhine sub-basins. Water Resources Management 24(14), 3901-3938.

Kidmose J, Dahl M, Engesgaard PK, Nilsson B, Christensen B, Andersen S, Hoffmann CC (2010) Experimental and Numerical Study of the relation between Flow Paths and Fate of a Pesticide in a Riparian Wetland. Journal of Hydrology 386(1-4), 67-79.

Refsgaard, JC, Hansen JR (2010) A good looking catchment can turn into a modellers nightmare. Hydrological Sciences Journal 55(6), 899-912.

Refsgaard JC, Højberg AL, Møller I, Hansen M, Søndergaard V (2010) Groundwater modelling in integrated water resources management – visions for 2020. Ground Water 48(5), 633-648.

Refsgaard JC, Storm B, Clausen T (2010) Système Hydrologique Europeén (SHE) – Review and perspectives after 30 years development in distributed physically-based hydrological modelling. Hydrology Research 41(5), 355-377.

Stisen S, Sandholt I (2010) Evaluation of remote sensing based rainfall products through predictive capability in hydrological runoff modelling. Hydrological Processes 24(7), 879‐891.

Stæhr PA, Sand-Jensen K, Raun AL, Nilsson B, Kidmose J (2010). Drivers of metabolism and net heterotrophy in contrasting lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 55(2), 817–830.

Hansen JR, Refsgaard JC, Ernstsen V, Hansen S, Styczen M, Poulsen RN (2009) An integrated and physically based nitrogen cycle catchment model. Hydrology Research 40(4), 347-363.

Henriksen HJ, Refsgaard JC, Højberg AL, Ferrand N, Gijsbers P, Scholten H (2009) Harmonised principles for public participation in quality assurance of integrated water resources modeling. Water Resources Management 23(12), 2539-2554.

Jørgensen LF, Stockmarr J (2009) Groundwater monitoring in Denmark: characteristics, perspectives and comparison with other countries. Hydrogeology Journal 17(4), 827-842.

Nilsson B, Engesgaard P, Kidmose J, Karan S, Looms MC, Frandsen MCS (2009). Water budget of Skaerso, a lake in south-east Jylland, Denmark: exchange between groundwater and lake water. Review of Survey Activities 2008: Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin 17, 45-48.

Rosenbom AE, Therrien R, Refsgaard JC, Jensen KH, Ernstsen V, Klint KES (2009) Numerical Analysis of Water and Solute Transport in Variably Saturated Fractured Clayey Till. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 104(1-4), 137-152.

Scharling P, Rasmussen ES, Sonnenborg TO, Engesgaard PK, Hinsby K (2009) 3D regional scale hydrostratigraphical modeling based on sequence stratigraphical methods. Hydrogeology Journal 17, 1913-1933.

Goody D, Hinsby K (2008) Organic quality of groundwaters. In: Edmunds, W.M. and Shand, P. (eds.) Natural Groundwater Quality, p. 59-70. Blackwell publishing, 2008, 469 pp.

Hansen JR, Ernstsen V, Refsgaard JC, Hansen S (2008) Field scale heterogeneity of redox conditions in till - upscaling to a catchment nitrate model. Hydrogeology Journal 16, 1251-1266

Hinsby K, Condesso de Melo MT, Dahl M (2008) European case studies supporting the derivation of natural background levels and groundwater threshold values for the protection of dependent ecosystems and human health. Science of the Total Environment 401, 1-20.

Iversen BV, van der Keur P, Vosgerau H (2008) Hydrogeological relationships of sandy deposits: Modeling of two-dimensional unsaturated water and pesticide transport. Journal of Environmental Quality 37, 1909-1917.

Jørgensen LF, Refsgaard JC, Højberg AL (2008) From science to practice in implementing the European Union's Water Framework Directive. Review of Survey Activities 2007, GEUS Bulletin 15, 81-84.

van der Keur P, Hansen JR, Hansen S, Refsgaard JC (2008) Uncertainty in simulation of nitrate leaching at field and catchment scale within the Odense river basin. Vadose Zone Journal 7(1), 10-21.

van der Keur P, Henriksen HJ, Refsgaard JC, Brugnach M, Pahl-Wostl C, DeWulf A, Buiteveld H (2008) Identification of major sources of uncertainty in current IWRM practice. Illustrated for the Rhine basin. Water Resources Management 22, 1677-1708.

Larsen F, Pham NQ, Dang ND, Postma D, Jessen S, Pham VH, Nguyen TB, Trieu HD, Tran LT, Nguyen H, Chambon J, Nguyen HV, Ha DH, Hue NT, Duc MT, Refsgaard JC (2008) Controlling geological and hydrogeological processes in an arsenic contaminated aquifer on the Red River flood plain, Vietnam. Applied Geochemistry 23, 3099-3115.

Larsen MAD, Søgaard H, Hinsby K (2008) Temporal trends in N & P concentrations and loads in relation to anthropogenic effects and discharge in Odense River 1964-2002. Hydrology Research 39, 41-54.

Rosenbom AE, Ernstsen V, Flühler H, Jensen KH, Refsgaard JC, Wydler H (2008) Flourescence Imaging Applied to Tracer Distributions in Variably Saturated Fractured Clayey Till. Journal of Environmental Quality 37, 448-458.

Seifert D, Sonnenborg TO, Scharling P, Hinsby K (2008) Use of alternative conceptual models to assess the impact of a buried valley on groundwater vulnerability. Hydrogeology Journal 16(4), 659-674.

Stisen S, Jensen KH, Sandholt I, Grimes DIF (2008) A remote sensing driven distributed hydrological model of the Senegal River basin. Journal of Hydrology 354, 131-148.

Stisen S, Sandholt I, Nørgaard A, Fensholt R, Jensen KH (2008) Combining the triangle method with thermal inertia to estimate regional evapotranspiration - Applied to MSG-SEVIRI data in the Senegal River basin. Remote Sensing of Environment 110, 1242-1255.

Troldborg L, Jensen KH, Engesgaard PK, Refsgaard JC, Hinsby K (2008) Using environmental tracers in modeling flow in a complex shallow aquifer system, Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 13(11), 1037-1048.

Blind MW, Refsgaard JC (2007) Operationalising uncertainty in data and models for integrated water resources management. Water Science and Technology 56(9) 1-12.

Dahl M, Nilsson B, Langhoff JL, Refsgaard JC (2007) Review of classification systems and new multi-scale typology of groundwater-surface water interaction. Journal of Hydrology 344, 1-16.

Hansen JR, Refsgaard JC, Hansen S, Ernstsen V (2007) Problems with heterogeneity in physically based agricultural catchment models. Journal of Hydrology 342, 1-16.

Harrar WG, Murdoch LC, Nilsson B, Klint KES (2007) Field characterization of vertical bromide transport in a fractured glacial till. Hydrogeology Journal 15(8), 1473-1488.

Hinsby K, Purtschert R, Edmunds WM (2007) Groundwater age and quality. In: Quevauviller, P. Groundwater Science and Policy, p. 217-239. The Royal Society of Chemistry publishing 2008, 766 pp.

Hinsby K, Rasmussen ES (2007). The Miocenene sand aquifers, Jutland, Denmark. In: Edmunds, W.M. and Shand, P. (eds.) Natural Groundwater Quality, p.306-334. Blackwell publishing, 2008, 469 pp.

Hinsby K, Højberg AL, Engesgaard PK, Jensen KH, Larsen F, Plummer LN, Busenberg E (2007) Transport and degradation of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in the pyritic Rabis Creek aquifer, Denmark. Water Resources Research, 43.

Højberg AL, Refsgaard JC, van Geer F, Jørgensen LF, Zsuffa I (2007) Use of models to support the monitoring requirements in the water framework directive. Water Resources Management 21(10), 1649-1672.

Jørgensen LF, Refsgaard JC, Højberg AL (2007) The inadequacy of monitoring without modelling support. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 9, 931-942.

Jørgensen LF, Refsgaard JC, Højberg AL (2007) Joint use of monitoring and modelling. Water Science & Technology 56(8), 21-29.

Nilsson B, Højbjerg AL, Refsgaard JC, Troldborg L (2007) Uncertainty in geological and hydrogeological data. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 11, 1551-1561.

Refsgaard JC, van der Sluijs JP, Højberg AL, Vanrolleghem PA (2007). Uncertainty in the environmental modelling process - A framework and guidance. Environmental Modelling & Software 22(11), 1543-1556.

Scholten H, Kassahun A, Refsgaard JC, Kargas T, Gavardinas C, Beulens AJM (2007) A methodology to support multidisciplinary model-based water management. Environmental Modelling & Software 22, 743-759.

Stisen S, Sandholt I, Noergaard A, Fensholt R, Eklundh L (2007) Estimation of Diurnal air temperature using MSG SEVIRI data in West Africa. Remote Sensing of Environment 110, 262‐274

Troldborg L, Refsgaard JC, Jensen KH, Engesgaard P (2007) The importance of alternative conceptual models for
simulation of concentrations in a multi-aquifer system. Hydrogeology Journal 15(5), 843-860.

van der Keur P, Iversen BV (2006) Uncertainty in soil physical data at river basin scale. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 10(6), 889-902.

Refsgaard JC, van der Sluijs JP, Brown J, van der Keur P (2006) A framework for dealing with uncertainty due to model structure error. Advances in Water Resources 29(11), 1586-1597.

Alvarado JAC, Purtschert R, Hinsby K, Troldborg L, Hofer M, Kipfer R, Aeschbach-Hertig W, Arno-Synal H (2005) 36 Cl in modern groundwater dated by a multi tracer approach (3H/3He, SF6 , CFC-12 and 85Kr): A case study in Quaternary sand aquifers in the Odense Pilot River Basin, Denmark. Applied Geochemistry 20(3), 599-609.

Brown JD, Heuvelink GBM, Refsgaard JC (2005) An integrated methodology for recording uncertainties about environmental data. Water Science and Technology 52(6), 153-160.

Højberg AL, Refsgaard JC (2005) Model uncertainty - parameter uncertainty versus conceptual models. Water Science and Technology 52(6), 177-186.

Refsgaard JC, Henriksen HJ, Harrar WG, Scholten H, Kassahun A (2005) Quality assurance in model based water management - review of existing practice and outline of new approaches. Environmental Modelling & Software 20(10), 1201-1215

Refsgaard JC, Nilsson B, Brown J, Klauer B, Moore RV, Bech T, Vurro M, Blind M, Castilla G, Tsanis I and Biza P
(2005) Harmonised Techniques and Representative River Basin Data for Assessment and Use of Uncertainty Information in Integrated Water Management (HarmoniRiB). Environmental Science and Policies 8, 267-277.

Engesgaard PK, Højberg AL, Hinsby K, Laier T, Jensen KH, Larsen F, Busenberg E, Plummer LN (2004) Transport of CFCs in the unsaturated zone, Rabis Creek, Denmark. Vadose Zone Journal 3, 1249-1261.

Mortensen AP, Jensen KH, Nilsson B, Juhler RK (2004) Multiple tracing experiments in unsaturated fractured clayey till. Vadose Zone Journal 3, 634-644.

Refsgaard JC, Henriksen HJ (2004) Modelling guidelines - terminology and guiding principles. Advances in Water Resources 27(1), 71-82.

Henriksen HJ, Troldborg L, Nyegaard P, Sonnenborg TO, Refsgaard JC, Madsen B (2003) Methodology for construction, calibration and validation of a national hydrological model for Denmark. Journal of Hydrology 280(1-4), 52-71.

Sonnenborg TO, Christensen BSB, Nyegaard P, Henriksen HJ, Refsgaard JC (2003) Transient modeling of regional groundwater flow using parameter estimates from steady-state automatic calibration. Journal of Hydrology 273(1-4), 188-204.